Glossary of Exposures

 

What is an exposure?

We often come into contact with—or are exposed to—substances and other factors linked to breast cancer. These include chemicals, and physical agents such as ionizing radiation and light-at-night. This glossary highlights certain exposures with the strongest evidence linked to breast cancer. For each, we describe what it is, where it’s found, the science linking it to breast cancer, who is most vulnerable and how to avoid the exposure.

 

1,3 Butadiene
Alkylphenols
Aromatic Amines
Atrazine
Benzene
Bioidentical Hormones
Bisphenol A (BPA)
Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH)/Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin (rBST)
Cadmium
Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane (DDT)
Dieldrin and Aldrin
Diethylstilbestrol DES
Dioxins
Ethylene Oxide (EtO)
Heptachlor
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Hormones in Personal Care Products
Infertility Treatment Drugs
Ionizing Radiation
Night Shift Workers: Light-at-night
Non-Ionizing Radiation (EMFs)
Oral Contraceptives
Organic Solvents
Other Pesticides & Herbicides
Parabens
Perfluorooactanoic Acid (PFOA) & Other PFAS Chemicals
Phthalates
Phytoestrogens
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers PBDEs
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons PAHs
Tobacco Smoke
Triclosan
UV Filters
Vinyl Chloride
Zeranol & Mycoestrogens
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